Polite diplomatic language
It’s important to be aware of how your language comes across in conversations, especially in more formal situations such as meetings or presentations. Being too direct in English can make you sound rude and hostile; it’s worth looking into how you can express yourself without causing offense, then hopefully you’ll get the results you want!
1. Focus on the action, not the person
A subtle but important distinction to make is between a person’s behaviour and their character in general. By assigning negative feedback to an action rather than a person there is less of a feeling of character assassination and more a sense of poor behaviour.
If you deride someone’s character it can seem like that is how we see them and that doesn’t feel good. The person is likely to become defensive and feel resentful or possibly accuse you of name-calling.
“That was a really insensitive thing to say.”
“You’re so insensitive.”
“You’re behaving immaturely right now.”
“You’re really immature.”
2. Focus on outcomes rather than actions
Another approach you can try is vision-oriented communication – focus on the goals and outcomes and how to move forward rather than honing in on a person’s behaviour.
This can keep the focus on the actions required to reach objectives rather than just naming a behaviour that isn’t working and making that the focus.
“If we’re going to meet this deadline we need to put more effort in.”
“You aren’t working hard enough and it’s holding us back.”
3. Find the balance of positive and negative
A good way to maintain balance when giving feedback is finding something positive to accompany a negative response, so you don’t sound dismissive of someone’s contribution. If people struggle to contribute or lack confidence, then negative feedback could make them even more reluctant to speak up again in the future.
“You expressed that point really well but I don’t think it’s relevant in this context.”
4. Use ‘would’ to make statements more tentative and less harsh
That is unacceptable -> That would be unacceptable
We expect your submission by Friday -> We would expect your submission…
I need you to maintain higher standards -> I would need you to maintain…
5. Soften your disagreement using specific words/phrases
It is considered impolite to directly disagree in English, so we use phrases that warn the listener that we are about to disagree with them.
Actually, the situation isn’t good at the moment.
To put it bluntly, we need the report sooner.
With respect, I don’t think that’s a great idea.
To be honest, now isn’t the right time.
Frankly, we aren’t very happy with your performance.
6. Use ‘not very’ + positive adjective instead of negative adjectives
The English prefer to soften the blow with positive adjectives rather than negative ones. The following structure is typical when trying to communicate something bad.
“That meeting wasn’t very interesting.”
“That meeting was really boring.”
“He’s not very clear.”
“I find him really difficult to understand.”
7. Comparatives for alternative suggestions
We often use the comparative to make a suggestion when we think our own idea is better than someone else’s.
A: “Let’s drive to the airport and leave the car there.”
B: “It might be cheaper to take the train.”
A: “Let me just send him an email.”
B: “I think it’d be quicker to call him.”
8. We often use questions to suggest what we want/need from someone, rather than telling them directly.
“Could you submit the reports by Friday?” NOT “Submit the reports by Friday.”
“Would tomorrow suit you?” NOT “Tomorrow is best for me.”
“Can you think of a solution?” NOT “You need to think of a solution.
Using these 8 tips will help you become a more polite and effective communicator in English!
Subtle (adj) - not obvious
Distinction (n) - a difference between two similar things
Assign (v) - to give something (a job, a quality etc.) to someone
Character assassination (n) - an act of trying to deliberately spoil someone’s reputation
Deride (v) - to laugh at someone or something as if they are stupid or have no value
Resentful (adj) - feeling angry that you have been forced to accept something you don’t like
Name-calling (n) - the act of insulting someone by calling them bad names
Hone in (v) - focus specifically on something
Dismissive (adj) - showing that you don’t think something is worth considering
Tentative (adj) - cautious, not certain or agreed
Comparative – the form of an adjective which is used to express difference
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