Rough or smooth?
This week I’ll be introducing seven words which are used literally to describe physical properties and metaphorically to informally describe different types of people. Again, they’re all words which my non-British friend wishes she’d known before moving here! But a word of warning – none of them is very complimentary!
So, first of all we’ll look at the literal meanings of each adjective but as you’re reading them see if you can guess what type of person each one describes.
Wet - when something is covered in or full of water. If you get caught out in the rain, you get wet.
Thick - this is the opposite of thin for objects such as books. For example, a magazine is usually thin, but a dictionary is usually thick. The more pages a book has, the thicker it is!
Hard - the opposite of soft! To be firm and difficult to break.
Soft - not hard! So for example, pillows, cushions and comfortable chairs are soft.
Rough - not smooth, having an uneven surface. If you do a lot of physical work without wearing gloves, your hands become rough.
Smooth - the opposite of rough. When a surface doesn’t have any holes, lumps or uneven parts we describe it as smooth. For instance, silk is a very smooth material.
So let’s see if you predicted correctly!
Wet - someone who is wet does not have a forceful personality and is not very brave or go-getting. At school I really hated hockey and usually stood still or tried to avoid the ball. My games teacher would shout ‘Don’t be so wet!’
Thick - quite simply, ‘stupid’. If you want to be really rude, you can say someone is ‘as thick as two short planks’. This means ‘extremely stupid’.
Hard – someone who is aggressive and able to defend themselves. Boxers, bouncers and policemen are usually hard.
Soft – if someone is soft they are a little bit too emotional and not ruthless enough. But if you say to someone ‘Don’t be soft’ it generally means ‘don’t be silly.’
Rough – this is pretty insulting; someone who is charmless, rude and possibly physically unattractive is ‘rough’. We can also use it to describe a neighbourhood – in this case it means the same as dodgy (see Dodgy, cheeky, dizzy and flaky!)
Smooth – means ‘charming’, ‘sophisticated’, and ‘elegant’, but if you tell someone that they're ‘smooth’ it's a back-handed compliment because it suggests that the person is not very genuine. And if someone is so smooth that they become ‘oily’ this is a straight insult. Both smooth and oily are usually used to describe men, but of course this is a little sexist.
So, wet, thick, hard, soft, rough, smooth and oily; which one are you?
pillow (n.) - the cushion that you rest your head on in bed
cushion (n.) - a cloth bag filled with soft material that you can sit on
silk (n.) - fabric produced from the thread of silkworms
go-getting (adj.) - energetic and determined to succeed
plank (n.) - a rectangular piece of wood using for building
bouncer (n.) - an informal British English word for the security guard/doorman of a nightclub
ruthless (adj.) - so determined to succeed that you will harm other people to do it
back-handed compliment (n.) - when you say something nice to someone which has a hidden insult
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